ARS, Fatehpur

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Introduction/Historical Perspective

Rajasthan state has been divided into five major agro-climatic zones. Each zone is further sub divided into two sub-zones. Thus, there are ten agro-climatic zones in all under National Agricultural Research Project (NARP) launched in the state in 1981. The zones have been formed on the basis of differences in physiography, rainfall, soil types, availability of irrigation water and existing cropping pattern. The Agricultural Research Station (ARS), Fatehpur-Shekhawati is the research station of the agro-climatic zone II-A which is called as Transitional Plain of Inland Drainage. The ARS is situated between 270 57’ 04.01" N to 270 55’ 43.59" N latitude and 740 58’ 47.47" E to 740 59’ 45.97" E longitude with an altitude of 321 to 330 meters above mean sea level. The zone covers four districts namely Sikar, Jhunjhunu, Nagaur and Eastern part of Churu district.

The station was established in April, 1984. The station is located at 7 km from Fatehpur on Jaipur-Bikaner national highway (NH-52) at a road distance of 45 km from Sikar district and 160 km from Jaipur. The sub-station of this zone was established at Nagaur during NARP-II phase, which has come to function from December, 1993. The zone is bordered by Haryana state, Ajmer, Alwar, Bikaner, Hanumangarh, Jaipur, Jodhpur and Pali districts. The geographical area of the zone is about 36.9 lakh hectares, which represents 10.6 per cent of the total area of the state. The zone is spread over 9 tehsils (Sikar, Fatehpur, Laxmangarh, Dantaramgarh, Sri Madhopur, Dhod, Khandela, Neem Ka Thana and Ramgarh Shekhawati) of Sikar district, 13 tehsils (Nagaur, Mundwa, Khinvsar, Jayal, Merta City, Degana, Deedwana, Parbatsar, Ladnun, Kuchaman City, Makrana City, Nawa and Riyan Badi) of Nagaur district, 8 tehsils (Jhunjhunu, Malsisar, Chirawa, Buhana, Nawalgarh, Udaipurwati, Khetri and Surajgarh) of Jhunjhunu district and 3 tehsils (Churu, Rajgarh and Taranagar) of Churu district.

Climate and Soil

The climate of the region ranges from arid to semi-arid with an average rainfall of about 300-350 mm, which is mainly received in the month of July and August. The temperature goes as high as 48 oC in summers and as low as –5.2 °C in winters. Because of the insufficient and uneven distribution of rain, frequent failure of crops is common and consequently resulting in to famine. In general, the soils of zone II A are desert soils. However, according to USDA soil classification (1975), the soils of this region fall in the category of entisols and aridisols where the soils are not dominated by montmorillonite clay and are usually dry. The soils are varying from sandy to loam. The nitrogen status of soil is low (200 kg/ha) in the entire zone while that of phosphorous is medium (20-25 kg/ha). The status of potash is also medium (100-250 kg/ha) in the zone.

Water, the most crucial and limited resource of this zone is mainly available as ground water, of which major part (85%) is brackish. The prevailing climatic conditions are very harsh, that limits the agricultural productivity of the zone. Due to the limited water availability, dry land agriculture is pre-dominantly practiced in kharif season by taking the main crops like pearl millet, moong bean, moth bean, cluster bean and sesame. As the rainfall pattern in the region is highly erratic and scanty, the sustainability of arid/semi-arid agricultural production system is weak, hence becoming challenging. 

On the other hand, soil degradation is also a serious problem and mainly associated with soil erosion and shifting sand dunes when cover green is absent or destroyed completely. Rectification of this situation calls for steps to improve the green cover. In cultivated lands of zone under dry land cropping system, soil moisture and humidity are the limiting factor to produce agricultural crops. The high-speed winds result in to exhortation of soil moisture which in turn creates moisture stress particularly at dough stage of crop. The trees besides providing food, fodder, timber etc. in such areas, can also act as a protector against winds and maintain optimum soil moisture conditions at the optimum crop growth.

Animals are the important source of income of rural population and extensively support the rural economy. However, the zone frequently encountered with acute shortage of fodder, leading to the problem of migration of cattle herds and sheep to other parts of the country. Under uncultivable/wastelands, the silvi-pasture with top fed/fuel trees of multiple uses in combination with herbaceous pasture plants largely of perennial nature and legumes are most desirable. The plantation of trees on wastelands may be taken up in the form of two-tier system i.e. along with grasses and legumes. This system which utilizes the uncultivable lands may be widely accepted and also assumes economic importance and also serve the population by providing pasturage, fuel wood, and conserved hay for the period of scarcity.

Unit head contact details

Prof. Harphool Singh

ZDR, Agricultural Research Station, Fatehpur Shekhawati- Sikar Rajasthan


Contact No: 


The ARS is to envisage a vision, to develop technologies that can fit well under limited moisture, high temperature, low nutrient availability mainly due to low soil organic carbon, biotic and abiotic stresses. In general, ARS, Fatehpur is to work for delivering technologies for agricultural sustainability and livelihood security of farmers belonging to zone IIa (transitional plain of inland drainage).


§  To conduct the basic, strategic, need based and area specific applied research in agriculture (both rainfed & irrigated) and other allied fields to develop technologies relevant to farming community of the zone for livelihood security and high farm income.

§  To reach at an advancement level in learning and conducting research.

§  To increase the quality, quantity and productivity of prominent crops cultivated in the zone and value addition for doubling the farmers income in the zone.

§  To help and provide the technical guidance to the department of agriculture for development of agriculture and allied sector in the zone.

§  To develop the collaborative linkages with State Agriculture Universities, Government Departments, Government Undertakings, and National & International Organizations for better research output.

§  Technologies and capacity building of scientific staff.


The revised lead and verification functions assigned to this zone under SDP of ADP, as are follows:-

Lead function:

1.      Pearlmillet, clusterbean and pulses in Kharif season

2.      Wheat, mustard and barley in Rabi season

3.      Agroforestry and other farming systems

4.      In-situ moisture conservation

5.      Water and soil management

6.      Crop physiology including salt tolerance and heat tolerance research prospectus

7.      Nursery raising of horticulture and agroforestry

8.      Biological control of insect-pests and diseases

9.      Integrated nutrient management

Verification function:

1.      Chickpea, fenugreek, fennel, moongbean, cowpea, sesame, watermelon and forage crops

2.      Management of salt affected soils & water

3.      Sprinkler irrigation


The scientists of ARS, Fatehpur have developed more than 100 technologies (protection as well as production) on various aspects of Agroforestry, soil and water conservation, stress management and rain water management. Besides package of practices for profitable cultivation of major crops like pearl millet, cluster bean, moth bean, kharif pulses, chickpea, mustard and drought management technology by use of sulphydryl bio-regulator thiourea has also been conducted at this station. Recently, research work has been initiated on organic farming and stress agriculture at this station. The adoptions of these production and protection technologies with the help of dimension of agriculture have shown visible outputs on increase in crop production and economic benefit to the farmer up to 25-30 percent in last ten years.

Future Thrust Areas

Short term:

§  Agro-technology for organic farming in mandate crops.

§  Development of farming system modules for raising economic status of farmers.

§  Development of in–situ moisture conservation technologies.

§  Enhancement of medicinal plant cultivation.

§  Enhancement of seed production of mandate crops with particular emphasis on clusterbean, Kharif pulses and barley.

§  Development of bio-agents for various pest control.

§  Isolation of pheromones for eco-friendly  pest management.

§  Management of Insect-pests and diseases through eco-friendly techniques and the use of bio-pesticides/herbal products.

§  Suitable storage technologies for reducing losses.

§  Development of package of practice for organic farming in different crops.

§  Post harvest technology for value additions.

Long term:

§  Development of frost tolerant varieties of mustard and barley.

§  Development of heat and moisture tolerance in barley, fenugreek, clusterbean and kharif pulses.

§  Development of varieties in mandate crops resistant to various insect pests and diseases.

§  Development of high quality malt as well as dual purpose (grain and fodder) varieties in barley.

§ Development of high quality gum containing varieties in clusterbean.

Staff Information: Teaching

Sr. No.




Prof. Harphool Singh

Zonal Director Research


Contact No.:



Dr. Dharmendra Tripathi

Assistant Professor

Specialization: Agroforestry

Contact No.: 9680355511 



Dr. Kailash Chand Verma

Assistant Professor 

Specialization: Agronomy

Contact No.: 9416517441 



Dr. Champa Lal Khatik 

Assistant Professor 

Specialization: Plant Breeding and Genetics

Contact No.: 9887111741



Dr. Subhash Chandra Mahala

Assistant Professor 

Specialization: Plant Physiology

Contact No.: 9799435421 



Dr. Mujahid Khan 

Assistant Professor 

Specialization: Agricultural Statistics

Contact No.: 9413143903, 8683860304



Dr. Jhumar Lal

Assistant Professor 

Specialization: Agricultural Entomology

Contact No.: 9460854384 



Sh. Satya Narayan Pareek

Clerk Grade-I

Contact No.: 9928296215


Sh. Devashis Pareek

Clerk Grade-

Contact No.:


Sh. Anil Kumar Gurjar

Clerk Grade-I

Contact No.:9928535987


Sh. Babu Lal

Pump Operator

Contact No.: 8432497968


Sh. Chimna Ram


Contact No.: 9587620642


Sh. Jagdev Singh 


Contact No.: 6375102743


Sh. Ramchandra Dara 


Contact No.: 9413406411


Sh. Nagar Ram 


Contact No.: 8440971621


Sh. Laxmi Narain 


Contact No.: 9829960456

Farm area
Total area                    =                114 ha
Cultivated area                =         }